The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] This was triggered by Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU Member State, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The EU-27 (with the exception of the UK) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the withdrawal agreement. But they are also beginning to discuss a transition period and explore their future relationship. The European Union and the United Kingdom have approved the withdrawal agreement. The British Parliament and the European Parliament have yet to approve the withdrawal agreement. The new relationship between the EU and the UK begins, provided an agreement has been reached, approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament. The UK has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing the European Council`s intention to leave the EU. The British Parliament decides that a further extension of the Date of Brexit is necessary because it first wants to examine the corresponding laws before deciding on the withdrawal agreement. The UK government is then asking the EU to postpone the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020. The transition period is not extended. The United Kingdom has stated that it does not want an extension.

The option of an extension was included in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and the EU have had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement. [45] The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable). [47] The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol. [48] Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”. [49] On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.” [50] If the law is passed, it is an “extremely serious violation” of the withdrawal agreement and international law, Eefsovic said.