[1] Annabel Symington, “Pakistan Opposition Take Aim at Energy Crisis Ahead of Elections,” Christian Science Monitor, February 1, 2013, www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-South-Central/2013/0201/Pakistan-opposition-take-aim-at-energy-crisis-ahead-of-elections; and “Pakistan`s Energy Shortage: Lights Out,” Economist, October 8, 2011, www.economist.com/node/21531495. Pakistan`s acute energy crisis is a serious emergency for its fragile economy and volatile national security environment. The country`s energy problems are profound and complex and are due more to a lack of governance and political will than to a simple supply. This is due to (1) the lack of a comprehensive and integrated energy strategy leading to inter-institutional turf wars and a lack of coordination, (2) insufficient revenue to support energy production and infrastructure due to the low liquidity of the Pakistani economy and high tax losses, and (3) the lack of willingness of leaders to implement politically unpopular changes to deal with the situation. Pakistan has taken clear measures, such as the development of its renewable resources and the exploitation of its coal reserves, which can contribute to expansion and diversification, where and how it produces its electricity. Continued use of these resources will help reduce the electricity shortage. However, these measures alone will not solve the energy crisis. The most difficult solution is to change the country`s attitude towards the theft of power by both individuals and the government. It is difficult to convince people to pay their electricity bills when even the government itself is not paying its fair share. At the same time, there is less incentive to pay when citizens do not even have access to a reliable source of electricity when they need it. As long as this attitude prevails among Pakistanis from all walks of life and government, the country will not be able to solve its energy problems in a sustainable way.

Circular debts will continue to accumulate and large parts of the country will be revalued for hours each day. Because Pakistan lacks the revenue to finance an energy recovery, there are many opportunities for international donors, including the United States. Washington is already providing considerable energy assistance to Pakistan. The Obama administration has identified energy as a priority area in its civil aid program in the country, and Congress released nearly $300 million in new energy aid last summer.