On June 4, 2020, Indian Prime Minister Modi and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison held India`s first virtual bilateral summit. During their meeting, the Heads of State and Government signed several agreements and also discussed COVID 19 measures to be implemented in their respective countries. Highlights India and Australia have signed the following agreements, namely the Framework Agreement on Critical Cyberactivation.. India and Japan have signed ten agreements to strengthen bilateral cooperation between the two countries. The agreements were signed in Tokyo in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe. The agreements signed are cooperation agreements on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy: it provides for bilateral cooperation within the framework of the .. In October 1977, the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union returned to negotiations for a test ban. These three nuclear powers made remarkable progress in the late 1970s and agreed on the conditions for banning all tests, including the temporary ban on ERPs, but persistent differences over compliance mechanisms led to the end of negotiations before Ronald Reagan`s inauguration in 1981. [34] In 1985, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev announced a unilateral moratorium, and in December 1986 Reagan reaffirmed the United States` commitment to pursue the long-term goal of a total ban on testing. In November 1987, negotiations for a test ban resumed, followed by a joint program to explore clandestine detection of underground tests by the United States in December 1987 [34] [37] Iran announced that it would withdraw from certain obligations arising from the 2015 International Nuclear Agreement signed with world powers, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCP). On the partial withdrawal of Iran In a stage of the partial withdrawal of the JCPOA, Iran will withdraw from certain obligations such as: It will stop removing its stockpiles of enriched uranium .. In 1974, the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT), ratified by the United States and the Soviet Union, took a step towards a total ban on testing, which prohibits underground testing with yields exceeding 150 kilotons. [28] [35] In April 1976, the two States agreed on the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty (PNET), which deals with nuclear explosions outside the weapons sites examined in the TTBT.

As in the TTBT, the United States and the Soviet Union agreed to ban peaceful nuclear explosions (PNEs) at these other sites with yields of more than 150 kilotons and group explosions for a total yield of more than 1,500 kilotons. To ensure compliance, the PNET requires states to rely on national technical controls, exchange information on explosions and grant on-the-spot access to counterparties.